Colonies on Atlantic coasts were growing exponentially and in the atmosphere of relative peace and abundant resources they were thriving too. Truth be told, 3000 miles of sea was a distance too large to overcome. Australia, Canada and U.S.A were destined to be either free or self governing, it was only a matter of time. The distance and diversity of population made development of patriotic feelings towards the King and the crown difficult. From the very beginning the colonies were governed loosely. They were bound by British law in theory but were allowed substantial autonomy in practice. Despite the fact that colonies were rarely, if ever, taxed, they were a source of huge profit for Britain. Main source of profit was the trade. Navigation Acts made it difficult for the colonies to trade with any country other than Britain. Following Mercantilist policies, Britain imported cheap goods and exported manufactured products, making substantial profits in the process. The colonists, though not happy with the arrangement, tolerated it. because firstly they could smuggle the products easily on the vast Atlantic coastline and secondly the ongoing French Indian war allowed them to make huge profits. Once the war ended, Britain tried to assert control. It tried to check the smuggling and imposed Stamp taxes on colonies. Stamp act was subsequently repealed but the King George and PM Lord North could not understand the gravity of the demand of the colonies. There were three main demands. First was the demand of freedom of trade, second was the demand of representation and third was the demand of no taxation without representation. To show its right to impose taxes, Britain increased duties on tea. These tea boxes arriving from britain were sunk in sea in what became known as Boston Tea Party. Yet again the Gov in Britain reacted and imposed military rule in Boston. It declared the colonists demanding freedom of trade etc. as rebels. Thus it left these representatives no option but to rebel and rebel openly. In the second Continental Congress, the colonists declared their independence. Entry of France, turned tables against Britain. Eventually, in the treaty of Paris, Britain accepted the independence of the colonies.
American revolution is aptly called a revolution in as much as revolution means a radical qualitative change in the society. It falls short of being designated revolution in as much as a revolution implies victory of the oppressed against oppressor. It was not a war of exploited and ruined colonies against their imperial master. It was a war to win the right to trade and the right to impose taxes. For all the words , the revolution did not abolish slavery. Thomas Jefferson himself owned slaves. The revolutionary features of the war lie in the formation of Constitution, Division of Power, Bill of Rights and establishment of First republic. It was for the first time an independent Judiciary was created anywhere in the world. The ideas of enlightenment thinkers like Rousseau, Hobbes, Locke, Baccaria and Montesquieu were put in practice for the first time. The longevity of the experiment and its success has guided many other democratic transitions throughout the world. American revolution was the first light house for the ships of democracy in darkness of absolutism.
This is my take on the topic. Please correct me if I am wrong